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Electrochemical immunosensor array using a 96-well screen-printed microplate for aflatoxin B1detection

Biosensors and Bioelectronics
Publication Date
DOI: 10.1016/j.bios.2006.06.029
  • Aflatoxin B1
  • 96-Well Screen-Printed Microplate
  • Intermittent Pulse Amperometry
  • Elisa
  • Corn
  • Biology
  • Chemistry
  • Design


Abstract A novel analytical immunosensor array, based on a microtiter plate coupled to a multichannel electrochemical detection (MED) system using the intermittent pulse amperometry (IPA) technique, is proposed for the detection of aflatoxin B 1 (AFB 1). In the present work, the electrochemical behaviour and electroanalytical performance of the thick-film carbon sensors (also designated as screen-printed electrodes) incorporated in the multichannel electrochemical plate were first evaluated. Then the 96-well screen-printed microplate was modified in accord with a competitive indirect enzyme-linked immunoassay (ELISA) format for aflatoxin B 1 detection. The measurements were performed using both spectrophotometric and electrochemical procedures and the results of the calibration curves, detection limit (LOD), sensitivity and reproducibility of the respective assay systems were evaluated. The immunoassay was then applied for analysis of corn samples spiked with AFB 1 before and after the extraction treatment, in order to study the extraction efficiency and the matrix effect, respectively. These studies have shown that using this system, AFB 1 can be measured at a level of 30 pg/mL and with a working range between 0.05 and 2 ng/mL. Good recoveries (103 ± 8%) were obtained, demonstrating the suitability of the proposed assay for accurate determination of the AFB 1 concentration in corn samples. The specificity of the assay was assessed by studying the cross-reactivity of PAb relative to AFB 1. The results indicated that the PAb could readily distinguish AFB 1 from other aflatoxins, with the exception for AFG 1.

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