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Assessing the Effect of Ligand Proximity on Chiroptical and Other Properties in Cobalt(III) Model, Tyrosine-Like Complexes

Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry
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A series of new cobalt(III) octahedral complexes of the general formula Na[Co(ohb-aa)2] (ohb-aa = N-(o-hydroxybenzyl)amino acid anion); amino acid = glycine, (S)-α-alanine, α-aminoisobutyric acid, (S)-valine, (S)-norvaline and (S)-leucine) were prepared by the charcoal catalyzed reaction of the appropriate ligand with [Co(NH3)6]3+ in alkaline aqueous solution. Complexes obtained have, regardless of the amino acid used, the same facial all-trans symmetry (CoN2O4 chromophore) with the vicinal effects as the entire source of the optical activity. 13C NMR spectra reveal that the leucine derivative has, due to the steric reasons, a different ground state structure. Absorption maxima reflect a positive inductive effect from the amino acid side chain carbon atoms. Complexes of the ligands bearing electrophobic alkyl groups exhibit more negative E1/2 in comparison with the glycine derivative, reduction of which occurs at a more positive potential. Reduction potentials do not correlate with cobalt(III) Lewis acidity modulated by ligands.

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