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Introduction: development of the sterile insect technique for African malaria vectors

Malaria Journal
Springer (Biomed Central Ltd.)
Publication Date
DOI: 10.1186/1475-2875-8-s2-i1
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Abstract ral ss BioMed CentMalaria Journal Open AcceIntroduction Introduction: development of the sterile insect technique for African malaria vectors Waldemar Klassen Address: Tropical Research and Education Center, University of Florida, Homestead, Florida 33031, USA Email: Waldemar Klassen - [email protected] This supplement to Malaria Journal meets a great need for a convenient assemblage of existing information on the suppression and/or eradication of Anopheles populations using the release of sterilized mosquitoes. Publication of such a collection of articles is overdue for three compel- ling reasons. Firstly, because malaria control in sub-Saha- ran Africa, where 90 percent of the 300 to 500 million malaria cases and one to three million deaths occur from malaria each year, still depends on only two technologies for vector intervention: indoor residual spraying and insecticide-treated bed nets. Secondly, considerable research and development on the suppression of mosqui- toes with the sterile insect technique (SIT) was conducted from the mid-1950s to the mid-1970s. However, nearly all of the scientists who pioneered this approach have retired and several of the greatest have died. While the benefit of the input, judgement and guidance can be pro- vided from current experts in this field, a record of the key contributions of people like Chris Curtis, Ed Knipling and Don Weidhaas has thus far not been assembled. Thirdly, there are now new technologies available to support area- wide integrated pest management (AW-IPM) programmes and much experience has been gained with the imple- mentation of these programmes against major insect pests that could be applied to mosquito control [1,2]. In Europe, north of the Alps and Pyrenees, and in the United States, malaria began to decline in the mid 1800s as a result of drainage of swamps, use of screens to exclude insects on windows and doors, increased availability of malaria in the USA largely disappeared without the er

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