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In vitro production and purification of isochorismate using a two-enzyme cascade

Journal of Biotechnology
DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiotec.2014.06.003
  • Isochorismic Acid
  • Chorismatase
  • Chorismic Acid
  • Enzyme Cascade
  • Isochorismate Synthase
  • Biology


Abstract Combining the isochorismate synthase EntC and the chorismatase FkbO in a sequential enzyme cascade provides a useful system for the biocatalytic production and subsequent purification of isochorismate from an isochorismate/chorismate mixture. FkbO has a strict preference for chorismate – isochorismate is not accepted as a substrate – therefore the enzyme can be used to selectively hydrolyse chorismate, leading to the chiral building block 3,4-dihydroxycyclohexa-1,5-dienecarboxylate. This simplifies the final purification step, as isochorismate is much easier to separate from the chorismate hydrolysis products than from chorismate itself. The presented procedure starts with an optimised method for purifying chorismate from Escherichia coli culture supernatants, which is followed by conversion into isochorismate with the isochorismate synthase EntC, removal of the remaining chorismate by FkbO and a final purification step using an automated flash chromatography system. Isochorismate was isolated in up to 20% yield and >95% purity from chorismate, and has been characterised with respect to its degradation and suitability as a substrate in enzyme assays.

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