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CO2-permselective membranes of crosslinked poly(vinyl ether)s bearing oxyethylene chains

Authors
Journal
Polymer
0032-3861
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
55
Issue
6
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.polymer.2014.02.012
Keywords
  • Poly(Vinyl Ether)
  • Membrane
  • Gas Permeability

Abstract

Abstract Cationic copolymerizations of vinyl ether monomers having a triethylene glycol segment [2-(2-(2-methoxyethoxy)ethoxy)ethyl vinyl ether (TEGMVE)] with vinyl ether monomer having a methacrylate unit [2-(2-vinyloxyethoxy)ethyl methacrylate: VEEM] were performed to obtain crosslinkable copolymers [poly(TEGMVE-VEEM)] with different composition rates. Methacrylate groups in poly(TEGMVE-VEEM)s partially reacted to give crosslinked polymer membranes. The free-standing membranes of poly(TEGMVE-VEEM)s obtained at monomer feed ratios of 6:1, 10:1, and 14:1 were too brittle, while their composite membranes with PTFE sheet were tough enough to measure gas permeability. All the membranes of poly(TEGMVE-VEEM) showed high CO2/N2 selectivity (PCO2/PN2 = 35–54) because of their high CO2 solubility selectivity (SCO2/SN2 = 38–61). The gas permeability increased as the composition ratio of VEEM decreased, and the composite membrane of poly(TEGMVE-VEEM)(14:1) showed the highest CO2 permeability (PCO2 = 410 barrers) among the present polymer membranes.

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