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EU-Trade Agreements - What Are They Dealing With?

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  • Agricultural Science

Abstract

PB No. 3 e-version.doc ENARPRI Coordination: CEPS, Place du Congrès 1 · B-1000 Brussels · Tel: (32.2) 229.39.85 · Fax: (32.2) 219.41.51 · e-mail: [email protected] · website: http://www.enarpri.org European Network of Agricultural and Rural Policy Research Institutes Thematic Network on Trade Agreements and European Agriculture Policy Brief No. 3 · November 2003 EU-Trade Agreements – What are they dealing with?* Marianne Kurzweil, Oliver von Ledebur & Petra Salamon Federal Agricultural Research Centre, Institute of Market Analysis and Agricultural Trade Policy As one of the major players in the global agricultural and food market, EU agri-food production as well as trade and trade pattern are governed by the CAP (Common Agricultural Policy) and the related trade regimes. Due to the outcome of the Uruguay Round, the GATT, the EU export and import regimes became subject to multilateral commitments in the year 1995. Within this overall framework numerous, the EU has numerous preferential trade agreements with third countries exist (see table in the Annex), which in principle stem from different sources: § The Treaty of Rome provided for the association of the colonies and the overseas territories (African, Caribbean and Pacific countries: ACP) of the member states with the emerging European Community. Mutual trade preferences were established in a series of consecutive conventions starting with the Lomé Conventions which were replaced by the Cotonou Conventions. § European integration between the EU and essential candidate countries starts as a gradually implemented customs union by means of a partial reduction of tariffs and/or establishment of tariff rate quotas especially in the area of agriculture which is reflected in the Europe Agreements and Association Agreements with Central and Eastern European countries, Malta, Cyprus and Turkey. § Agreements are also negotiated with some non- European trading partners to im

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