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How to Measure Unemployment

University of Zagreb, faculty of Law, Study centre for Social Work; [email protected]
Publication Date
  • Mjerenje Nezaposlenosti
  • Statistika Rada
  • Standardna Definicija Nezaposlenosti
  • Measurements Of Unemployment
  • Labour Statistics
  • Standard Definition Of Unemployment
  • Economics


Starting from the general meaning of labour statistics, the author analyses various ways of measuring unemployment and its outcomes. Labour statistics are, as a rule, obtained from the following sources: regular periodical censuses (usually every 10 or sometimes every 5 years), by way of surveys of labour forces on a sample of households and administrative sources. The measuring of unemployment is carried out on the basis of three main sources: surveys of labour forces on the sample of households, the statistics of social security services an Employment Agency records. Official assessments of unemployment are usually based on combined data form a single of from several of the above-mentioned sources. However, the most reliable statistics of unemployment are obtained by a survey of the labour force on a sample of households. This procedure is internationally comparable because it is based on internationally adopted definitions and procedures. For several years, our country, like many other countries with developed market economies, as well as most transitional countries, has been publishing unemployment data based on two kinds of measurements and two different sources: labour force surveys and records kept by Employment Agencies. Each method has its advantages and disadvantages.

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