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Environmental accounting for Arctic shipping – A framework building on ship tracking data from satellites

Authors
Journal
Marine Pollution Bulletin
0025-326X
Publisher
Elsevier
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2014.07.013
Keywords
  • Arctic Shipping
  • Ais (Automatic Identification System)
  • Environmental Accounting
  • Black Carbon Emissions
  • Heavy Fuel Oil
Disciplines
  • Ecology
  • Geography

Abstract

Abstract Arctic shipping is on the rise, leading to increased concern over the potential environmental impacts. To better understand the magnitude of influence to the Arctic environment, detailed modelling of emissions and environmental risks are essential. This paper describes a framework for environmental accounting. A cornerstone in the framework is the use of Automatic Identification System (AIS) ship tracking data from satellites. When merged with ship registers and other data sources, it enables unprecedented accuracy in modelling and geographical allocation of emissions and discharges. This paper presents results using two of the models in the framework; emissions of black carbon (BC) in the Arctic, which is of particular concern for climate change, and; bunker fuels and wet bulk carriage in the Arctic, of particular concern for oil spill to the environment. Using the framework, a detailed footprint from Arctic shipping with regards to operational emissions and potential discharges is established.

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