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Barriers of students’ adherence to dress code policy in clinical settings: dental students’ viewpoint

Authors
  • Momeni, Nafiseh
  • Asghari, Fariba
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine
Publisher
Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Publication Date
Dec 05, 2020
Volume
13
Identifiers
DOI: 10.18502/jmehm.v13i20.4862
PMID: 33552453
PMCID: PMC7838885
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
Disciplines
  • Original Article
License
Unknown

Abstract

Medical universities have called for a professional dress code to preserve the dignity of the medical profession, creating a sense of respect, tranquility, and trust in healthcare recipients and improve patient safety. This study aims to explain the reasons behind poor adherence to the professional dress code by students of the dentistry school. A qualitative study was conducted to explain the viewpoints of dentistry students of Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS). Twenty-three in-depth interviews with dentistry students of different genders, study years, living in different accommodations, and having different tuition payment status were conducted. Conventional content analysis was used to analyze the data. One hundred and twenty initial codes were extracted. They were categorized into common causes of non-adherence to the TUMS Dress Code and specific causes of not following a specific section of the dress code (hygiene, jewelry, and makeup sections). The codes of common causes were categorized into 4 main categories including defects in education, management shortcomings, changes in societal culture, and personal factors. All components of the educational system must be aligned with each other to overcome the barriers against the students’ adherence to professional dress and put forward appropriate interventions at the policymaking, regulatory and educational levels.

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