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Bangladesh (country/area statements).

Type
Published Article
Journal
Asian-Pacific population programme news
Publication Date
Sep 01, 1985
Volume
14
Issue
3
Pages
3–5
Identifiers
PMID: 12267454
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

According to this statement presented to the Committee on Population of the UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, the population of Bangladesh increased from 76.4 million in 1974 to 89.9 million in 1981 and if the annual estimated growth rate of 2.4% continues unchecked, the population will be 111.5 million by 1990. Rapid population growth increases the man-land ratio, while the undesirable age structure entails a high dependency burden and provides a large base for further population growth. The huge investment in food production is neutralized and educational facilities remain unavailable for most of the nation's 15.6 million school-age children. Even under the most optimistic population projection, the total will increase by more than 60% by the year 2015, exacerbating the already serious problems of poverty and unemployment. The urban population is expected to increase from 17.5 million at present to 37.3 million by 2000, including a multitude of squatters with no visible income-earning opportunities. The population policy adopted by the government in June 1976 was directed toward influencing demographic behavior primarily through information, education, and motivation activities and a wide array of family planning services provided at maternal-child health and family planning centers. The government has taken some steps to increase economic productivity and create employment, and has made administrative changes including upgrading the smallest administrative units and creating directorates for primary education and women's affairs. Health and population control strategies will include establishing primary health care and maternal-child health and family planning centers throughout the country, expanding the family planning worker to population ratio, and integrating the family planning programs with all development oriented programs. The National Council for Population Control and several other organizational structures have been created to facilitate family planning program development. Due to past program efforts, Bangladesh's population growth rate is estimated to have declined from 3% to 2.4%, and contraceptive prevalence is around 25% compared with 7% in 1975. The government has constructed more than 1000 health and family planning clinics and has placed health workers in villages. In the future, greater attention will be given to use of injectables and IUDs along with voluntary sterilization. The goal is a 40% contraceptive prevalence rate so that the population will be under 112 million in 1990.

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