Abstract The spontaneous 3H-noradrenaline efflux from the isolated epididymal and prostatic portions of the rat vas deferens, was investigated. The spontaneous tritium efflux was higher in the epididymal portion than in the prostatic one from normal animals. Such differences were abolished after castration. On the other hand, acetylsalicylic acid enhanced the total tritium efflux only in the epididymal portion, whereas phentolamine and phenoxybenzamine increased the total tritium efflux from the two portions of the rat vas deferens in both experimental groups. The prostatic portion released a similar amount of 3H normetanephrine than the apididymal end, whereas other metabolic fractions (3,4-dihydroxyphenylglycol; 3,4-dihydroxymandelic acid and O-methylated deaminated metabolites) were smaller in the prostatic portion in comparison with the epididymal portion from control vas deferens. The results presented in the isolated rat vas deferens suggest the existence of a prostaglandin as well as an alpha adrenoceptive modulation of the spontaneous total tritium efflux.