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The effect of glaze on porcelain strength

Authors
Journal
Dental Materials
0109-5641
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
8
Issue
3
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/0109-5641(92)90084-p

Abstract

Abstract The self-glazing technique provides an esthetic and hygienic surface for crowns and fixed partial dentures that use porcelain veneers. A study of the biaxial flexure strengths of polished vs. glazed specimens is needed to verify that current laboratory methods are appropriate for planned fatigue studies. Four groups of 50 porcelain disk specimens each were subjected to the following polishing and firing procedures: group one was fired, glazed-no hold, and polished; group two was fired, polished, and glazed-no hold; group three was fired, polished and glazed-1 min. hold; group four was fired, polished, and not glazed. The piston-on-three-ball method was used for testing biaxial flexure strengths. Significantly lower differences in biaxial flexure strengths were noted when group two values were compared with values from groups one, three and four. The results show that the Weibull distribution is an appropriate model for our studies. Differences in glaze thickness among the groups were noted in SEM examination; however, bulk (interior) microcrack density differences were absent. The specimens that were fired, polished to a 1 μm surface finish, and not glazed (group four) were significantly higher in flexure strength than groups one and three at the p < 0.001 level. The hypothesis that glazing of porcelain surfaces improves the biaxial flexure strength of test specimens was rejected.

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