Affordable Access

Publisher Website

The effects of particulate and ozone pollution on mortality in Moscow, Russia

Authors
Journal
Air Quality Atmosphere & Health
1873-9318
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Volume
3
Issue
2
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s11869-009-0058-7
Keywords
  • Article
Disciplines
  • Medicine

Abstract

The objectives of this study were (1) to evaluate how acute mortality responds to changes in particulate and ozone (O3) pollution levels, (2) to identify vulnerable population groups by age and cause of death, and (3) to address the problem of interaction between the effects of O3 and particulate pollution. Time-series of daily mortality counts, air pollution, and air temperature were obtained for the city of Moscow during a 3-year period (2003–2005). To estimate the pollution-mortality relationships, we used a log-linear model that controlled for potential confounding by daily air temperature and longer term trends. The effects of 10 μg/m3 increases in daily average measures of particulate matter ≤10 μm in aerodynamic diameter (PM10) and O3 were, respectively, (1) a 0.33% [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.09–0.57] and 1.09% (95% CI 0.71–1.47) increase in all-cause non-accidental mortality in Moscow; (2) a 0.66% (0.30–1.02) and 1.61% (1.01–2.21) increase in mortality from ischemic heart disease; (3) a 0.48% (0.02–0.94) and 1.28% (0.54–2.02) increase in mortality from cerebrovascular diseases. In the age group >75 years, mortality increments were consistently higher, typically by factor of 1.2 – 1.5, depending upon the cause of death. PM10-mortality relationships were significantly modified by O3 levels. On the days with O3 concentrations above the 90th percentile, PM10 risk for all-cause mortality was threefold greater and PM10 risk for cerebrovascular disease mortality was fourfold greater than the unadjusted risk estimate.

There are no comments yet on this publication. Be the first to share your thoughts.

Statistics

Seen <100 times
0 Comments

More articles like this

Ozone and particulate matter air pollution in Wisc...

on WMJ : official publication of... November 2000

Effects of particulate air pollution and ozone on...

on Environmental Research February 2015

Effects of ambient particulate matter and ozone on...

on Archives of environmental heal... 1997

Acute effects of ozone on mortality from the "air...

on American journal of respirator... Nov 15, 2004
More articles like this..