We often speak of a dichotomy between mind and body in the Christian tradition. Yet, it would be more to the point to speak of a subordination of the body to the mind, and more precisely, to salvation. Christianity has in effect always considered the body as the determinant for the relationship to God. Thus, it constitutes a fundamental theological referent for Saint Paul and it has always been a source of major preoccupation for the Christian tradition. This article recalls the elements of this tradition and situates within it the contemporary affirmation of the body as the place of the experience of God, and looks to identify in it, its sources and contours.