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Establishing generalized syntactical responding in young children with autism

Authors
Journal
Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders
1750-9467
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
4
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.rasd.2009.07.009
Keywords
  • Autism
  • Developmental Disabilities
  • Early Intensive Behavioral Intervention
  • Applied Behavior Analysis
  • Aba
  • Syntax
  • Language Development
  • Generative Complex Language
Disciplines
  • Design
  • Linguistics

Abstract

Abstract Many children with autism who speak tend to emit utterances of only 1 or 2 words. A multiple baseline design with changing criterion features was used to evaluate the effectiveness of training with pictorial prompts to increase the syntactical complexity and length of novel utterances by 4 preschoolers with autism. Two target sentence structures were taught; responses during probe trials matched the specific sentence structure being trained. At baseline utterances averaged 1–2 words per photograph. All children averaged 6 words per photograph following training. Variability in the number of training trials to mastery across participants was likely due to differences in entry skills. The training methods were effective for establishing one type of generative language performance in the 4 participants.

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