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Instability and growth of nanoscale Ce0.8Gd0.2O1.9/NiO infiltrate in Sr0.94Ti0.9Nb0.1O3–Zr0.84Y0.16O1.92 anodes for solid oxide fuel cells

Authors
Journal
Journal of Power Sources
0378-7753
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
258
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2014.02.051
Keywords
  • Sofc
  • Anodes
  • Infiltrate
  • Gd-Doped Ceria
  • Nickel
  • Instability
Disciplines
  • Chemistry

Abstract

Abstract Microstructural evolution of Ce0.8Gd0.2O1.9/NiO (CGO/NiO) co-infiltrated nanoparticles in Sr0.94Ti0.9Nb0.1O3–Zr0.84Y0.16O1.92 (STN94–YSZ) anodes for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) is investigated during electrochemical testing in a symmetric cell setup. The CGO/NiO infiltrated symmetric cells were subjected to varying atmospheres of H2O/H2 between 650 and 850 °C and characterized by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. Analytical high resolution transmission electron microscopy showed that the CGO/NiO infiltrate was found to coalesce and grow from an indistinguishable CGO/NiO fluorite structure of an average diameter of 5 nm to individual well-connected, but phase-separated, CGO and Ni particles of 50 nm in average. This study confirms that instability and growth of CGO/NiO infiltrates in STN-based SOFC electrodes affect the morphology and can potentially be linked to reported losses in electrochemical performance.

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