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A pooled analysis of coronary arterial patency and left ventricular function after intravenous thrombolysis for acute myocardial infarction

Authors
Journal
The American Journal of Cardiology
0002-9149
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
74
Issue
12
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/0002-9149(94)90552-5
Keywords
  • Coronary Artery Disease
Disciplines
  • Medicine

Abstract

Abstract Individual studies of patency rates and left ventricular (LV) function after thrombolysis have generally been limited by small numbers of observations, wide confidence intervals, and limited numbers of time points. To obtain a more reliable estimate of patterns of patency and LV ejection fraction, a systematic overview of angiographic studies was performed after intravenous thrombolytic therapy. A total of 14,124 angiographic observations from 58 studies evaluating patency after no thrombolytic agent, streptokinase, standard dose tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA), accelerated dose t-PA, or anistreplase (anisoylated plasminogen streptokinase activator complex [APSAC]) were included. At 60 and 90 minutes, streptokinase had the lowest patency rates of 48% and 51%, respectively, standard dose t-PA and APSAC had similar intermediate rates of approximately 60% and 70%, and accelerated t-PA had the highest patency rates of 74% and 84%. By 2 to 3 hours and longer, the patency rates were similar for the various regimens. Reocclusion rates in studies including 1,172 patients randomized to t-PA versus a nonfibrin-specific agent were higher after t-PA (13.4% vs 8.0%, p = 0.002). Ten studies enrolling 4,088 patients treated with thrombolytic therapy versus control demonstrated a modest improvement in mean LV ejection fraction in the thrombolytic group at each of the times after thrombolytic therapy: hour 4, day 1, day 4, day 7 to 10, and day 10 to 28 after thrombolysis. By 4 days, mean ejection fraction was 53% versus 47% (thrombolytic vs control therapy, p < 0.01); by 10 to 28 days it was 54.1% and 51.5%, respectively. In conclusion, this pooled analysis shows that accelerated t-PA resulted in higher 90-minute coronary arterial patency rates than other standard regimens, but that by 2 to 3 hours the rates were similar, and that reocclusion rates were higher after t-PA than nonfibrinspecific agents. Thrombolytic therapy resulted in only a small improvement in global LV function compared with results in the control group, which was fully apparent by 4 days after treatment.

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