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Electrical properties and stability of praseodymium oxide-based ZnO varistor ceramics doped with Er2O3

Authors
Journal
Journal of the European Ceramic Society
0955-2219
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
23
Issue
8
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/s0955-2219(02)00285-6
Keywords
  • Aging
  • Electrical Properties
  • Grain Boundaries
  • Varistors
  • Zno

Abstract

Abstract The electrical properties and its stability against DC accelerated aging stress of Pr 6O 11-based ZnO varistor ceramics were investigated with Er 2O 3 content and sintering time. The nonlinear exponent of varistors with increasing Er 2O 3 content varied with V-shape, reaching minimum at 1.0 mol% Er 2O 3. As sintering time is increased, the nonlinear exponent was decreased, whereas its stability for DC stress was improved. The varistor with 0.5 mol% Er 2O 3 sintered at 1340 °C for 2 h exhibited the best performance for the nonlinearity and stability. This varistor exhibited not only high nonlinearity, with the nonlinear exponent of 43.4 and the leakage current of 1.2 μA, but also high stability, with the variation rates of varistor voltage and nonlinear exponent is −1.5 and −2.5%, respectively, under DC stress, such as (0.80 V 1 mA/90 °C/12 h)+(0.85 V 1 mA/115 °C/ 12 h)+(0.90 V 1 mA/120 °C/12 h)+(0.95 V 1 mA /125 °C/12 h) +(0.95 V 1 mA/150 °C/12 h).

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