Affordable Access

Publisher Website

Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring in children with aortic coarctation and kidney transplantation

Authors
Journal
The Journal of Pediatrics
0022-3476
Publisher
Elsevier
Volume
136
Issue
4
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/s0022-3476(00)90016-7
Disciplines
  • Medicine

Abstract

Abstract Background: Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) has been found to be of significant importance in clinical practice because numerous blood pressure (BP) measurements may be made throughout the 24-hour period. Objective: To assess the clinical utility of ABPM in children with secondary hypertension. Methods: We studied 37 patients (21 boys and 16 girls), with a mean age of 16.4 ± 4.1 years, after kidney transplantation and 38 patients (27 boys and 11 girls), with a mean age of 10.2 ± 2.1 years, after surgical correction of aortic coarctation. Data, expressed as mean ± SD, were analyzed after dividing the patients into 4 groups. Group A consisted of 25 patients receiving antihypertensive therapy; group B included 12 patients not receiving antihypertensive therapy. Group C included 25 patients operated on before 3 years of age (8 ± 7 months of age); group D included 13 patients operated on after 3 years of age (74 ± 29 months of age). Results: In groups A and B, casual BP measurement showed that 16 of 37 patients (43%) were hypertensive; 24-hour ABPM detected a larger number of patients who were hypertensive (23 of 37, 62%); there were 18 in group A and 5 in group B. In groups C and D, casual BP measurement identified 6 of 38 (15%) patients as hypertensive, whereas 24-hour ABPM again identified a higher number (13 of 38, 34%). Conclusions: Our findings confirm that 24-hour ABPM is more sensitive than casual BP in detecting abnormal BP in patients at high risk for secondary hypertension.

There are no comments yet on this publication. Be the first to share your thoughts.