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A digital array based bit serial processor for arbitrary window size kernel convolution in vision sensors

Authors
Journal
Integration the VLSI Journal
0167-9260
Publisher
Elsevier
Volume
47
Issue
4
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.vlsi.2013.11.007
Keywords
  • Array-Based
  • Bit Serial
  • Vision Sensors
  • Kernel Convolution
  • Digital Processing

Abstract

Abstract The high speed and in-pixel processing of image data in smart vision sensors is an important solution for real time machine vision tasks. Diverse architectures have been presented for array based kernel convolution processing, many of which use analog processing elements to save space. In this paper a digital array based bit serial architecture is presented to perform certain image filtering tasks in the digital domain and hence gain higher accuracies than the analog methods. The presented method benefits from more diverse convolution options such as arbitrary size kernel windows, compared with the digital pulse based approaches. The proposed digital cell structure is compact enough to fit inside an image sensor pixel. When incorporated in a vision chip, resolutions of up to 12bit accuracy can be obtained in kernel convolution functions with 35×28μm2 layout area usage per pixel in a 90nm technology. Still, higher accuracies can be obtained with larger pixels. The power consumption of the approach is approximately 10nW/pixel at a frame rate of 1kfps.

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