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Optimal lot sizing under continuous price decrease

Authors
Journal
Omega
0305-0483
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
31
Issue
6
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.omega.2003.08.009
Keywords
  • Inventory Policy
  • Continuous Price Change
  • High-Tech Industries

Abstract

Abstract An important characteristic of high-tech industries is decreasing component prices over time. In the personal computer industry, some component prices decline at a rate of 1% per week. This paper develops an inventory model for products experiencing continuous decrease in unit price. We develop an accurate closed-form approximate solution to the model. Our results indicate that declining prices lead to substantial decrease in the optimal cycle time and much frequent ordering. This explains the heavy emphasis on just-in-time inventory management practiced by successful companies in high-tech industries. While previous models attributed the success of just-in-time policies to reduced holding cost and improved quality, under declining prices a substantial source of savings becomes lower costs of raw materials which is significant part of cost in these industries. We illustrate the results of the model with a numerical example and perform sensitivity analysis.

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