Affordable Access

Publisher Website

O023: Combining electronic contacts data and virological data for studying the transmission of infections at hospital

Authors
Journal
Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
2047-2994
Publisher
Springer (Biomed Central Ltd.)
Publication Date
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1186/2047-2994-2-s1-o23
Keywords
  • Oral Presentation
Disciplines
  • Biology
  • Medicine

Abstract

O023: Combining electronic contacts data and virological data for studying the transmission of infections at hospital ORAL PRESENTATION Open Access O023: Combining electronic contacts data and virological data for studying the transmission of infections at hospital C Payet1, A Barrat2,3, C Cattuto3, C Régis1, N Khanafer1,4, J-F Pinton5, B-A Kim6, B Comte6, B Lina4,7, P Vanhems1,4, N Voirin1,4* From 2nd International Conference on Prevention and Infection Control (ICPIC 2013) Geneva, Switzerland. 25-28 June 2013 Introduction Transmission of hospital acquired infections (HAI) depends mainly on contacts between patients, between health care workers (HCWs) and between patients and HCWs. Objectives The objective of this study was to combine contacts data and virological data for studying influenza transmission during an outbreak occurring in a hospital unit. Methods Face-to-face proximity between persons was collected during 10 consecutive days using electronic RFID badges. Virological data on influenza infection status were also collected. Each patient and each HCW had 2 nasal swabs, one at admission and one at discharge for patients, and 2 swabs at 7 days interval for HCWs, from which laboratory confirmation of influenza infection was performed. Results A total of 18,766 contacts were recorded among 37 patients and 47 HCWs. Nurses, medical doctor( MD) and patients were involved in 82%, 26% and 24 % of all the contacts respectively. In parallel, during the 10 days, an outbreak occurred involving 15 laboratory-confirmed influenza cases diagnosed among 10 patients (attack rate 27%) and 5 HCWs (attack rate 10%). We identified 5 (14%) patients and 10 (20%) HCWs who cumulated nearly 50% of all the contacts involving patients and HCWs. Among these persons with a high number of contacts, 3 (60%) patients and 1 (10%) HCW had con- firmed influenza. Among those with a lower number of contacts, 7 (22%) patients and 4 (11%) HCWs had con- firmed influenza. Further statistical analyses are

There are no comments yet on this publication. Be the first to share your thoughts.

Statistics

Seen <100 times
0 Comments

More articles like this

[Electronic data processing in the surveillance of...

on Tidsskrift for den Norske læge... Aug 10, 1976

O055: Can incidence of surgical site infections (S...

on Antimicrobial Resistance and I... Jan 01, 2013

Detection of cumulations of infections in hospital...

on Danish medical bulletin December 1978

Epidemiology and transmission of V. cholerae O1 an...

on Journal of diarrhoeal diseases... September 1996
More articles like this..