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Towards a Critical Framework on Corporate Social and Environmental Responsibility in the South: The case of Pakistan

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Abstract

PETER LUND-THOMSEN ARGUES THAT THE DEBATE ON CORPORATE SOCIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL RESPONSIBILITY (CSER) IN THE SOUTH IS EMERGING AS COMPANIES ARE INCREASINGLY BECOMING THE FOCUS OF ATTENTION FOR THEIR ROLE IN SOCIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL CONFLICTS IN THE SOUTH. USING PAKISTAN AS A CASE STUDY, HE SUGGESTS THAT CSER PROBLEMS ARE NOT SIMPLY MANAGEMENT FAILURES THAT CAN BE ‘FIXED’ BY COMPANIES. INSTEAD THEY MUST BE SEEN AS AN OUTCOME OF MICRO-LEVEL STRUGGLES BETWEEN COMPANIES AND COMMUNITIES OVER THE DISTRIBUTION OF SOCIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS WHICH ARE CREATED WHEN GLOBAL POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC FORCES INTERACT WITH LOCAL CONTEXTS AROUND THE WORLD.:Development (2004) 47, 106–113. doi:10.1057/palgrave.development.1100059

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