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The Stress ofLymnaea truncatulaJust before Miracidial Exposure withFasciola hepaticaIncreased the Prevalence of Infection

Authors
Journal
Experimental Parasitology
0014-4894
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
99
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1006/expr.2001.4609
Keywords
  • Fasciola Hepatica
  • Lymnaea Truncatula
  • Cercaria
  • Miracidium
  • Prevalence
  • Stress.

Abstract

Abstract Abrous, M., Rondelaud, D., and Dreyfuss, G. 2001. The stress of Lymnaea truncatula just before miracidial exposure with Fasciola hepatica increased the prevalence of infection. Experimental Parasitology 99, 49–51. Single-miracidium infections of Lymnaea truncatula with Fasciola hepatica were carried out under laboratory conditions to determine whether the stress of snails just before miracidial exposure had any influence on the prevalence of Fasciola infection, redial burden, and cercarial shedding. Three methods, i.e., the fasting of L. truncatula for 3 days in water filtered through a Millipore membrane, the effect of 6–8°C water for 15 min, or the immersion of L. truncatula in a detergent solution at low concentration for 15 min, were used to stress snails. Enhanced susceptibility of snails to F. hepatica infection was noted in stressed groups (93–96% vs 48–50% in controls). The number of free rediae did not show any variation in controls as well as in stressed groups, except for fasted snails in which free rediae were significantly fewer. No differences in cercarial production between controls and the cold group were noted. Fasting, cold shock, or detergent exposure prior to exposure to F. hepatica miracidia might have weakened the snails so that they were not as efficient in avoiding miracidial penetration, thus leading to higher infection rates.

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