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Metabolomic analysis using optimized NMR and statistical methods

Authors
Journal
Analytical Biochemistry
0003-2697
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
355
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.ab.2006.04.014
Keywords
  • Water Suppression
  • Adiabatic Pulse
  • Nmr
  • Biofluids
  • Metabolic Profiling
  • Metabolomics
  • Metabonomics
  • Multivariate Statistical Analysis
  • Anova

Abstract

Abstract NMR-based metabolomics requires robust automated methodologies, and the accuracy of NMR-based metabolomics data is greatly influenced by the reproducibility of data acquisition and processing methods. Effective water resonance signal suppression and reproducible spectral phasing and baseline traces across series of related samples are crucial for statistical analysis. We assess robustness, repeatability, sensitivity, selectivity, and practicality of commonly used solvent peak suppression methods in the NMR analysis of biofluids with respect to the automated processing of the NMR spectra and the impact of pulse sequence and data processing methods on the sensitivity of pattern recognition and statistical analysis of the metabolite profiles. We introduce two modifications to the excitation sculpting pulse sequence whereby the excitation solvent suppression pulse cascade is preceded by low-power water resonance presaturation pulses during the relaxation delay. Our analysis indicates that combining water presaturation with excitation sculpting water suppression delivers the most reproducible and information-rich NMR spectra of biofluids.

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