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Etude de la liaison monnaie-revenu. Demande effective : les théories de Thomas Tooke et J. M. Keynes

Authors
Disciplines
  • Economics

Abstract

[fre] Cet article compare les systèmes de Keynes et du Banking Principle ; trois thèmes étroitement liés sont abordés : les théories de la monnaie, du revenu et de la demande effective. Ainsi, contrairement aux approches traditionnelles, monnaie externe et monnaie interne ne sont pas juxtaposées mais interdépendantes. La monnaie de banque, monnaie de crédit, est utilisée par les entreprises afin de rémunérer les facteurs et acheter les biens de production ; cette monnaie est soumise à la loi du reflux, lequel est constitué des recettes des entreprises qui, ultimement, correspondent à la dépense du revenu monétaire, tandis que la monnaie externe (Banque centrale) solde les déficits. L'analyse de Tooke montre que la liaison demande effective (formation du revenu) et système de financement enrichit considérablement l'explication du processus de la formation de la production courante. [eng] A study about the links between money-income - effective demand : the thheories of T. Took and J. M. Keynes. Gérard Mondello. This article aims at comparing the Systems of J. M. Keynes and of the Banking Principle ; three themes closely linked are taken up : the theories of money, incarne and Effective Demand. So, in opposite with traditional approaches, external money and internal money are not imconnected but correlated. Bank money, credit money. is nsed by firms to remunerate the whole factors and to buy production means ; this money is submitted to reflux law. The latter is constituted by firm receipts which, ultimately, correspond tot the expenses of the whole monetary income, while external money makes up shortages. Tooke's analysis shows that the link between Effective Demand (Income formation) and financial system makes to a great extent the explanation of the process of current production formation more complete.

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