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Determinants of survival and valve failure after mitral valve replacement

Authors
Journal
The Annals of Thoracic Surgery
0003-4975
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
49
Issue
4
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/0003-4975(90)90316-x

Abstract

Abstract A prospective evaluation of 333 consecutive patients undergoing isolated mitral valve replacement between 1982 and 1985 was performed to identify the predictors of survival and valve failure. Follow-up between 2 and 6 years postoperatively (mean, 32 ± 17 months) was 98% complete. Four prostheses were inserted to permit a prospective evaluation of alternative valves: Björk-Shiley mechanical (n = 118), Ionescu-Shiley pericardial (n = 146), Carpentier-Edwards porcine (n = 38), and Hancock pericardial (n = 31). Hospital mortality was 6%, and actuarial survival at 5 years was 71% ± 5%. Multivariate Cox regression analysis identified advancing age (<40 yean, 88% ± 7%; >70 years, 50% ± 14%) and poor left ventricular function (ejection fraction <0.20, 62% ± 17%; ejection fraction >0.60, 80% ± 7%) as independent predictors of postoperative survival. Freedom from structural valve dysfunction, prosthetic valve endocarditis, reoperation, and valve-related mortality and morbidity were 86% ± 4%, 91% ± 4%, 81% ± 4%, and 72% ± 5%, respectively, at 5 years. The actuarial incidence of valve failure was inordinately high with the Hancock pericardial valve ( p < 0.05). Freedom from thromboembolic events (78% ± at 5 years) was significantly lower in patients with poor ventricular function (ejection fraction <0.20, 54% ± 20%; ejection fraction >0.60, 73% ± 11%; p < 0.05). Survival after mitral valve replacement was determined by age and left ventricular function. Premature failure of the Hancock pericardial valve resulted in an unacceptable rate of valve-related complications.

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