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Umbilical hernia repair with mesh: identifying effectors of ideal outcomes

The American Journal of Surgery
DOI: 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2013.12.031
  • Umbilical Hernia
  • Quality Of Life
  • Carolinas Comfort Score
  • Laparoscopic Umbilical Hernia Repair
  • Open Umbilical Hernia Repair
  • Mesh


Abstract Background Quality of life has become an important focus for improvement in hernia repair. Methods The International Hernia Mesh Registry was queried. The Carolinas Comfort Scale quantitated quality of life at 1-month, 6-month, and annual follow-up. Scores of 0 (completely asymptomatic) in all categories without recurrence defined an ideal outcome. Results The analysis consisted of 363 umbilical hernia repairs; 18.7% were laparoscopic. Demographics included age of 51.5 ± 13.8 years, 24.5% were female, and the average body mass index was 30.63 ± 5.9 kg/m2. Mean defect size was 4.3 ± 3.1 cm2. Mean follow-up was 18.2 months. Absent/minimal preoperative symptoms were predictive of ideal outcome at all time points and increasing age was predictive at 6 months and 1 year. At 6 months, the use of fixation sutures alone versus tacks (odds ratio 14.1) predicted ideal outcome. Conclusions Ideal outcomes are dependent on both patient-specific and operative factors. The durable, ideal outcome in umbilical hernia repair is most likely in an older, asymptomatic patient who undergoes mesh fixation with permanent suture.

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