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When are Gallbladder Polyps Malignant?

Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Publication Date
DOI: 10.1155/2000/34201
  • Research Article
  • Medicine


428 HPB INTERNATIONAL Gregory Van Stiegmann Professor of Surgery Head: GI Tumor and Endocrine Surgery University of Colorado Health Sciences Centre 4200 East Ninth Avenue Denver, Colorado 80262 USA Fax: + 303 315 5527 Re[erences D’Amico,, G. and Luca, A. (1997). Natural History: clinical- haemodynamic correlations: prediction of the risk of bleeding. Baillieres Clin. Gastroenterol., 11, 243-56. Burroughs, A. K., D’Heygere, F. and McIntyre, N. (1986). Pitfalls in studies of prophylactic therapy for variceal bleeding in cirrhotics. Hepatology, 6, 1407-13. Lay, C.-S., Tsai, Y.-T., Teg, C.-Y., Shyu, W.-S., Guo, W.-S., Wu, K.-L. and Lo, K.-J. (1997). Is banding an acceptable treatment for varices that have not bled (prophylaxis)? Hepatology, 25, 1346-50. Shahi, H. M. and Sarin, S. K. (1998). Prevention of a first variceal bleed: an appraisal of current therapies. Am. J. Gastroenterol., 12, 2348- 58. Angelico, M., Carli, L., Piat, C., Gentile, S. and Capocaccia, L. (1997). Effects of isosorbide-5-mononitrate compared with propranolol on first bleeding and long-term survival in cirrhosis. Gastroenterology, 113, 1632- 39. Garcia-Tsao, G., Groszman, R., Fisher, R. L., Conn, H. O., Atterbury, C. E. and Glickman, M. (1985). Portal pressure, presence of gastroesophageal varices and variceal bleed- ing. Hepatology, 5, 419-24. Pagliaro, L., D’Amico, G., Sorensen, T. I. et al. (1992). Prevention of first bleeding in cirrhosis: a meta-analysis of randomized trials of nonsurgical treatment. Ann. Int. Med., 117, 59- 70. The Veterans Affairs Cooperative Variceal Sclerotherapy Group. (1991). Prophylactic sclerotherapy for esophageal varices in alcoholic liver disease: a randomized, single blind, multicenter clinical trial. N. Engl. J. Med., 324, 1779- 84. Tait, I. S., Krige, J. and Terblanche, J. (1999). Endoscopic band ligation of esophageal varices. Br. J. Surg., 86, 437-46. Laine, L. and Cook, D. (1995). Endoscopic ligation compared with sclerotherapy for treatment of esophageal vari

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