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The pharmacological characteristics of two types of cholinoreceptors in the membrane of dialyzed neurons

Authors
Journal
Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part C Comparative Pharmacology
0306-4492
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
90
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/0742-8413(88)90093-x
Disciplines
  • Biology

Abstract

Abstract 1. 1. The ramped voltage clamp technique was developed as a rapid means of studying the effects of certain nicotinic and muscarinic agents on ionic involvement and conductance changes during acetylcholine (ACh) responses of Helix pomatia neurons. 2. 2 Atropine was found to be a potent cholinolytic on A-type neurons, ACh responses of which are blocked by ouabain and mediated by Na + and Cl − permeabilities, while d-tubocurarine blocked B-type ACh responses which are insensitive to ouabain and mediated by Na 4 and K + permeabilities. 3. 3. Nicotinic agent butyrylcholine was found to be a potent cholinomimetric on B-type cells. 4. 4. The results suggest that ACh receptors on A-type cells are more “muscarinic” while those on B-type cells are more “nicotinic”. 5. 5. It was also suggested that both musearinic and nicotinic ACh receptors may coexist in the Helix neuronal membrane and the possibility of ACh interacting with one of them is determined by the level of phosphorylation of the membrane proteins.

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