Affordable Access

1 Alpha 2 alpha 3 alpha collagen is arthritogenic.

Authors
Publication Date
Source
PMC
Keywords
  • Research Article
Disciplines
  • Biology
  • Medicine

Abstract

Native 1 alpha 2 alpha 3 alpha collagen (500 micrograms per rat) was both immunogenic and arthritogenic in Alderley Park rats (46% developed arthritis) but only immunogenic in Sprague-Dawley rats. Conversely, native type II collagen (500 micrograms per rat) was immunogenic and arthritogenic in both strains (64% arthritic in Alderley Park strain, 57% arthritic in Sprague-Dawley strain). The inflammatory polyarthritis induced by 1 alpha 2 alpha 3 alpha collagen was similar to that produced by native type II collagen in clinical appearance, time of onset, and histology. Antibodies raised to native bovine type II collagen cross-reacted with native 1 alpha 2 alpha 3 alpha collagen and vice versa. Thus the minor collagen component of cartilage, the 1 alpha 2 alpha 3 alpha collagen, as well as the major collagen component, type II collagen, are immunogenic and arthritogenic in the rat, with strain differences.

There are no comments yet on this publication. Be the first to share your thoughts.