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Photocatalytic reduction of cadmium over CuFeO2synthesized by sol–gel

Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A Chemistry
Publication Date
DOI: 10.1016/j.jphotochem.2008.09.015
  • Photo-Electrodeposition
  • Cadmium
  • Delafossite Cufeo2
  • Water Reduction
  • Chemistry


Abstract The Cd 2+ photo-electrodeposition was successfully carried out in air-equilibrated aqueous CuFeO 2 suspension. The delafossite CuFeO 2 is p-type semiconductor characterized by a low optical gap, properly matched to the sun spectrum, and a long term chemical stability in neutral solution. It has been elaborated by the sol–gel technique where the specific surface area is increased via the surface/bulk ratio. The TG/DSC plots and IR spectra show that the solid phases are formed only at temperatures exceeding 400 and at 700 °C, the system is mixed phases. When fired at 950 °C under nitrogen flow, the delafossite has been identified (CuO + CuFe 2O 4 → CuFeO 2 + ½O 2). All the XRD lines index in a hexagonal unit cell with the lattice constants a = 284.2 and c = 169.4 pm. The photocurrent onset potential (+0.35 V SCE ) is close to the flat band potential (+0.23 V SCE ) determined from the capacitance measurement. CuFeO 2/Cd 2+ solution is a self photo-driven system, the absorption of light promotes electrons into CuFeO 2–CB with a potential (−0.93 V SCE ) sufficient to reduce Cd 2+. This occurs because of the dark Cd 2+ adsorption on the surface powder. The system was optimized with respect to the following physical parameters: pH 6.8, Cd 2+ (100 ppm) and a mass concentration C m (1 mg catalyst/ml solution). The hetero-system CuFeO 2/TiO 2 has been also reported for a comparative purpose. Prolonged irradiation (>50 min) was accompanied by a pronounced decrease in the rate of Cd-deposition owing to the competitive water reduction. Indeed, the generated bi-functional CuFeO 2/Cd particles account for the low over-potential of hydrogen and favour its evolution in aqueous solution.

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