Abstract A method for the analysis of diethylstilbestrol (DES) which is suitable for pharmacokinetic studies has been developed using capillary gas chromatographic (GC) separation and detection with selected-ion mass spectrometry (MS). This technique has been applied to a variety of samples including human plasma samples and extracts of animal tissues including prostate and liver. To investigate the pharmacokinetics of stilphostrol (diethylstilbestrol diphosphate) we have modified the GC—MS method in two ways. One modification involves a dual assay for DES; the first a direct assay, and the second after hydrolysis of a sample with alkaline phosphatase. The difference in these values is the amount of phosphorylated DES present. The other modification separates stilphostrol and DES using a reversed-phase, ion-paired high-performance liquid chromatographic method followed by alkaline phosphatase hydrolysis followed by the GC—MS method. The details of these three methods are described and some representative data are shown.