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B335: A Laboratory for Astrochemistry in a Collapsing Cloud

  • Evans, Neal J.
  • Lee, Jeong-Eun
  • Rawlings, Jonathan M. C.
  • Choi, Minho
Published Article
Publication Date
Mar 21, 2005
Submission Date
Mar 21, 2005
DOI: 10.1086/430295
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We present observations of 25 transitions of 17 isotopologues of 9 molecules toward B335. With a goal of constraining chemical models of collapsing clouds, we compare our observations, along with data from the literature, to models of chemical abundances. The observed lines are simulated with a Monte Carlo code, which uses various physical models of density and velocity as a function of radius. The dust temperature as a function of radius is calculated self-consistently by a radiative transfer code. The gas temperature is then calculated at each radius, including gas-dust collisions, cosmic rays, photoelectric heating, and molecular cooling. The results provide the input to the Monte Carlo code. We consider both {\it ad hoc} step function models for chemical abundances and abundances taken from a self-consistent modeling of the evolution of a star-forming core. The step function models can match the observed lines reasonably well, but they require very unlikely combinations of radial variations in chemical abundances. Among the self-consistent chemical models, the observed lines are matched best by models with somewhat enhanced cosmic-ray ionization rates and sulfur abundances. We discuss briefly the steps needed to close the loop on the modeling of dust and gas, including off-center spectra of molecular lines.

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