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Last century Greenland ice sheet surface mass balance projections from IPCC AR4 global models

Publication Date
  • Greenland
  • Ice Sheet Surface Mass Balance
  • Ipcc Ar4 Models
  • Physical
  • Chemical
  • Mathematical & Earth Sciences :: Earth Sciences & Physical Geography [G02]
  • Physique
  • Chimie
  • Mathématiques & Sciences De La Terre :: Sciences De La Terre & Géographie Physique [G02]
  • Earth Science


Results from atmosphere-ocean general circulation models (AOGCM's) for the IPCC 4th Assessment Report are used to investigate surface mass balance (SMB) future projections of the Greenland ice sheet (GrIS). The most efficient models for the GrIS climate modeling are chosen by comparison between the 1970-1999 outputs (averages and trends) from the 20C3M Experiment outputs, and the reanalyses (ECMWF, NCEP) as well as climatologies. The SMB is estimated from the summer temperature (from which is deduced the run-off) and annual snowfall from the well-adapted AOGCM's. It is validated with 1970-1999 results from the regional climate model MAR by interpolating the AOGCM's outputs on the MAR grid. However, large uncertainties remain in these SMB projections due to the simplified physic and coarse AOGCM's resolution. High resolution simulations made with the MAR model (which simulates explicitly the SMB by taking into account the surface feedbacks) forced at its boundaries by a GrIS well-adapted AOGCM could bring more precise brief replies.

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