Intentional replantation of the posterior teeth has been performed as a last resort except extraction when it is impossible to perform the conventional endodontic or surgical endodontic treatment. Many studies have done with the prognosis, and root resorption, of which the responsibility might have been injury of periodontal ligament and remaining periodontal lesion, proved to be major cause of failure. Intentional replantation, however, can exclude anatomic difficulty, risk of nerve injury, and maxillary sinus trauma that surgical access can raise, especially in posterior teeth, and it is reported that success rate is not less than surgical endodontics, independent of replantation of traumatically avulsed teeth. The success of intentional replantation can be evaluated with, clinically, reduction of pocket depth, pain and mobility(physical mobility), and, radiographically, hard tissue formation, reduction of periapical radiolucency. In this case report, for the maxillary left first bicuspid with dens evaginatus that had periapical lesion, painfulness, mobility and showed no reduction of mobility after even extirpation and a number of irrigation, extraction followed by extraoral root filling with calcium hydroxide and replantation was performed. Based on many studies, it is concluded that hard tissue formation capacity of calcium hydroxide, preceded extirpation before extraction, and careful extraction without injuring periodontal ligament affected successful results of this case.