Renewals in Political Action, Pascal Perrineau. Conventional wisdom by the French themselves and even more foreigners think of political commitment in France as militantism on the model of its golden age in the 1950s and 1960s. But these representations are far from the realities covered by the word "engagement". It thus seemed necessary to review these old forms, to assess their durability and to detect the signs of a renewal. The most important seems to be the unsatisfied social demand for a "post-policy." The present crisis of political participation might be born from the difficulty of the political system to respond to citizens' new demands more than a subtle and deep depolitization of the social body.