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A cryptochrome/photolyase class of enzymes with single-stranded DNA-specific photolyase activity

Authors
Publisher
National Academy of Sciences
Source
PMC
Keywords
  • Biological Sciences

Abstract

Photolyases and cryptochrome blue-light photoreceptors are evolutionarily related flavoproteins that perform distinct functions. Photolyases repair UV-damaged DNA in many species from bacteria to plants and animals. Cryptochromes regulate growth and development in plants and the circadian clock in animals. Recently, a new branch of the photolyase/cryptochrome family was identified. Members of this branch exhibited no or trace levels of DNA repair activity in vivo and in vitro and, therefore, were considered to be cryptochromes, and they were named cryptochrome-DASH. Here, we show that Cry-DASH proteins from bacterial, plant, and animal sources actually are photolyases with high degree of specificity for cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers in ssDNA.

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