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Identification of eight determinants in the hemagglutinin molecule of influenza virus A/PR/8/34 (H1N1) which are recognized by class II-restricted T cells from BALB/c mice.

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PMC
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  • Research Article

Abstract

Eight nonoverlapping regions of the hemagglutinin (HA) molecule of influenza virus A/PR/8/34 (PR8), which serve as recognition sites for class II-restricted T cells (TH) from BALB/c mice, have been identified in the form of 10- to 15-amino-acid-long synthetic peptides. These TH determinants are located between residues 110 to 313 of the HA1 polypeptide. From a total of 36 HA-specific TH clones and limiting-dilution cultures of independent clonal origins, 33 (90%) responded to stimulation with one of these peptides. The residual three TH clones appeared to recognize a single additional determinant on the HA1 polypeptide which could not be isolated, however, in the form of a stimulatory peptide. None of the motifs that have been proposed to typify TH determinants were displayed by more than half of these recognition sites. Most unexpected was the finding that none of the TH determinants was located in the ectodomain of the HA2 polypeptide that makes up roughly one-third of the HA molecule. Possible reasons for the preferential recognition of HA1 as opposed to HA2 by TH are discussed.

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