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A rapid procedure for isolating hemopoietic cell nuclei

Authors
Journal
Analytical Biochemistry
0003-2697
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
175
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/0003-2697(88)90362-4
Keywords
  • Nuclear Isolation
  • Cell Fractionation
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Nucleoplasmin
Disciplines
  • Biology
  • Chemistry
  • Medicine

Abstract

Abstract A new method for isolating cell nuclei is described which involves freezing and thawing cells in 2% Tween 40, then gentle homogenization to release nuclei, followed by immediate microcentrifugation through 50% sucrose. Purified nuclei were obtained in 3 min and yields of 78–95% were obtained from a variety of human hemopoietic cells. Electron microscope analysis of nuclei obtained from HL60 cells showed that 89% of the nuclei were intact and have an appropriate morphology. A low level of contamination with other organelles was revealed by electron microscopy and by using specific assays for plasma membrane, mitochondria, lysosomes, Golgi membrane, and endoplasmic reticulum (0.5–5.5%). The value of the technique is that nuclear proteins and small metabolites which might be lost by rapid leakage from isolated nuclei and the possibility of biochemical modification of cellular constituents are minimized by using a rapid isolation procedure.

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