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Image spéculaire et image anti spéculaire.

Editions NecPlus
Publication Date
DOI: 10.3406/enfan.1977.2644


Experiments on the up-building of one's own image. Brief accounts and comments on two successive researches. The experiment window pane / mirror with a population of 18 pairs of young twins. It is toward the age of 12 months that the reactions to the image in the mirror are differentiated from the reactions to the presence of the partner seen through a window-pane. But it is only a short time before they are two that the children are able to identify themselves with the image in the mirror. The analysis of behaviours in various experimental conditions leads to the hypothesis of two different processes : objectivation and appropriation. To assert himself as a subject the child must be able to perceive himself as an object, to cast his own image into an objectivating space. Appropriation implies that a relation of signifiant to signifié is established between this object and the internal experience, between visual data and internal sensibilities. The video experiment extends the field of the former one. With 40 children aged 3 to 7 years, the research bears on what happens with this appropriation when the image {perceived on the TV screen) ceases to be connected, either in time or in space, to the movements of the subject. It is only when they are between five and a half and six- and half years old that children are loosing their image. An hypothesis is advanced to explain this unexpected fact.

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