We have analyzed at the clonal level (limiting dilution assay) the repertoire of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-responsive murine B cells committed to the production of autoantibodies characteristic of systemic lupus erythematous (SLE), i.e. anti-single-stranded DNA (ssDNA), anti-double-stranded DNA, anti-Sm and rheumatoid factors (RF). Our results demonstrated that: (1) the frequency of precursor B cells producing each lupus autoantibody (approximately 1 in every 100–400 LPS-responding B cell) was similar in two non-autoimmune (C57BL/6 and BALB/c) and four SLE-prone (NZB, (NZB x NZW)F1, MRL/MpJ and BXSB/MpJ) mice despite the marked differences in autoimmune responses in the different SLE-prone mice, and (2) the relative frequency of autoantibody-secreting precursor B cells was constant throughout life, and equally distributed among activated and resting B-cell populations and among B cells from the peritoneal cavity and spleen. The lack of association of anti-ssDNA secretion with anti-Sm or RF secretion in cultures set up with a smaller number of B cells ruled out the possibility that the similar frequency of different autoantibody-secreting cell precursors is due to the polyspecificity of IgM autoantibodies. Notably, the frequencies of autoantibody-secreting precursor cells were significantly lower, approximately 4 and 10 times, than those of anti-tetanus toxoid and anti-dinitrophenyl antibody-producing precursor B cells, respectively. The similar frequency of precursor B cells producing four different lupus autoantibodies on the one hand and the considerable variation in each autoimmune response among SLE-prone mice on the other, support the hypothesis that specific stimulatory mechanisms may govern each autoimmune response in different SLE strains of mice.