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Biomimetic synthesis of silver nanoparticles by Citrus limon (lemon) aqueous extract and theoretical prediction of particle size

Elsevier Science B.V.
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  • Materials Engineering (Formerly Metallurgy)


In the present study silver nanoparticles were rapidly synthesized at room temperature by treating silver ions with the Citrus limon (lemon) extract The effect of various process parameters like the reductant con centration mixing ratio of the reactants and the concentration of silver nitrate were studied in detail In the standardized process 10(-2) M silver nitrate solution was interacted for 411 with lemon Juice (2% citric acid concentration and 0 5% ascorbic acid concentration) in the ratio of 1 4(vol vol) The formation of silver nanoparticles was confirmed by Surface Plasmon Resonance as determined by UV-Visible spectra in the range of 400-500 nm X ray diffraction analysis revealed the distinctive facets (1 1 1 200 220 2 2 2 and 3 1 1 planes) of silver nanoparticles We found that citric acid was the principal reducing agent for the nanosynthesis process FT IR spectral studies demonstrated citric acid as the probable stabilizing agent Silver nanoparticles below 50 nm with spherical and spheroidal shape were observed from transmission electron microscopy The correlation between absorption maxima and particle sizes were derived for different UV-Visible absorption maxima (corresponding to different citric acid concentrations) employing MiePlot v 3 4 The theoretical particle size corresponding to 2% citric acid concentration was corn pared to those obtained by various experimental techniques like X ray diffraction analysis atomic force microscopy and transmission electron microscopy (C) 2010 Elsevier B V All rights reserved

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