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Unboundedness of thresholding and quantization for bandlimited signals

Signal Processing
DOI: 10.1016/j.sigpro.2012.04.003
  • Shannon Sampling Series
  • Threshold Operator
  • Quantization
  • Paley–Wiener Space
  • Computer Science
  • Mathematics


Abstract It is well-known that the Shannon sampling series is locally uniformly convergent for all signals in the Paley–Wiener space PWπ1. An interesting question is how this good local approximation behavior is affected if the samples are disturbed by the non-linear threshold operator. This operator, which sets to zero all samples with absolute value smaller than some threshold, arises in the modeling of many applications, e.g., in wireless sensor networks. Moreover, it constitutes an essential part of a large class of quantizers, and consequently is important for all digital signal processing applications that involve conversion between analog and digital domains. In this paper, the approximation behavior of the Shannon sampling series that only uses the samples with absolute value larger than or equal to some threshold is analyzed. It is shown that there exists a signal in PWπ1 such that the local approximation error increases unboundedly as the threshold tends to zero. Moreover, for a fixed threshold, the local approximation error can grow arbitrarily large on the set of signals whose norm is bounded by one. With this, we generalize results of Butzer et al. that were given in the paper “On quantization, truncation and jitter errors in the sampling theorem and its generalizations,” Signal Processing (2) 1980 [1]. We conclude the paper with a discussion about the differences in the reconstruction behavior between the sampling series which is truncated in the domain of the sampled signal, i.e., time-domain truncation, and the sampling series which is truncated in the range of the sampled signal.

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