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Modeling Occupant Ingress at a Secure Building and Using Field Measurements for Calibration

Authors
Journal
Transportation Research Procedia
2352-1465
Publisher
Elsevier
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.trpro.2014.09.091
Keywords
  • Ingress
  • Building Entry
  • Computer Modeling
  • Revoving Door
  • Security Gate
  • Ticket Gate
  • Turnstile
  • Human Behavior
  • Calibration

Abstract

Abstract An occupant behavior study and modeling effort was conducted to ascertain the impact of installing revolving security doors at the entrance of a secure building on occupant congestion and wait times. The developed models were calibrated using population and revolving door throughput rates measured under actual building conditions. The calibrated modeling effort showed the importance of capturing a mixed experience level population with ranging individual throughput times. Conversely, assuming a constant throughput rate, based on manufacture's data, resulted in overly-optimistic results and did not predict periods of occupant congestion that were observed in the field during population bursts.

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