The peritoneal cavity has a microenvironment capable of promoting proliferation, differentiation, and activation of the resident cells and recruitment of blood cells through the capillary network involved in the peritoneum. Among the cells found in the peritoneal cavity, B-1 cells are a particular cell type that contains features that are not very well defined. These cells differ from conventional B lymphocytes (B-2) by phenotypic, functional, and molecular characteristics. B-1 cells can produce natural antibodies, migrate to the inflammatory focus, and have the ability to phagocytose pathogens. However, the role of B-1 cells in immunity against parasites is still not completely understood. Several experimental models have demonstrated that B-1 cells can affect the susceptibility or resistance to parasite infections depending on the model and species. Here, we review the literature to provide information on the peculiarities of B-1 lymphocytes as well as their interaction with parasites.