Affordable Access

The effects of reaction delay in the Nagel-Schreckenberg traffic flow model



This paper studies a new model, which considers the effects of drivers reaction delay in the Nagel-Schreckenberg model. We studied the traffic flow properties in the new model under both periodic and open boundary conditions. The fundamental diagram, spatio-temporal patterns, density-density correlation functions, relaxation time, and distance headway distribution are investigated. Several interesting results are reported, for example, (i) the jam becomes less condensed when the delay effect is considered; (ii) the distance headway of the new model exhibits a multi-peak distribution when randomization p is small; (iii) for large p, the distribution of distance headway follows a power law in the new model; (iv) under open boundary conditions, the existence of a stationary jam near the left boundary will lower the flow rate. Copyright EDP Sciences/Società Italiana di Fisica/Springer-Verlag 2006

There are no comments yet on this publication. Be the first to share your thoughts.