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Azimilide and dofetilide produce similar electrophysiological and proarrhythmic effects in a canine model of Torsade de Pointes arrhythmias.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
European Journal of Pharmacology
0014-2999
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
412
Issue
1
Pages
67–76
Identifiers
PMID: 11166738
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Torsade de Pointes arrhythmias are a feared proarrhythmic effect of (antiarrhythmic) drugs. In dogs with chronic complete AV-block bradycardia-induced volume overload leads to electrical remodeling, which includes increased susceptibility to drug-induced Torsade de Pointes arrhythmias. The IKr channel blocker, dofetilide (Tikosyn, 0.025 mg/kg/5 min), and the less specific ion channel blocker, azimilide (5 mg/kg/5 min), were compared in nine anesthetized dogs at 4 and 6 weeks of AV-block in a randomized cross-over design. Dosages were based on our own dose-dependence studies and on anti-arrhythmic dosages reported in the literature. Monophasic action potential catheters were placed endocardially in both the left and right ventricle to measure action potential duration, visualize early afterdepolarizations, and to assess interventricular dispersion of repolarization (i.e. left ventricular monophasic action potential duration (at 100%) minus right ventricular monophasic action potential duration (at 100%). Cycle length of idioventricular rhythm, QT-time and the occurrence of drug-induced Torsade de Pointes arrhythmias were determined using the surface electrocardiogram (ECG). Before drug administration, the electrophysiological parameters were identical at 4 and 6 weeks. Both azimilide and dofetilide increased monophasic action potential duration, cycle length of idioventricular rhythm, and QT-time. Dissimilar lengthening of left ventricular and right ventricular monophasic action potential duration increased the interventricular dispersion significantly from 55 to 110 ms for both drugs. All dogs had early afterdepolarizations, while, in the majority, ectopic ventricular beats developed (dofetilide 8/9 and azimilide 7/9). Torsade de Pointes arrhythmias incidence was comparable for dofetilide (6/9) and azimilide (5/9). In conclusion, azimilide and dofetilide show similar electrophysiological and proarrhythmic effects in our canine model with a high incidence of Torsade de Pointes arrhythmias.

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