Avifauna Associated with Palash (Butea monosperma), the State Flower of Uttar Pradesh, India

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Avifauna Associated with Palash (Butea monosperma), the State Flower of Uttar Pradesh, India

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
International Journal of Life-Sciences Scientific Research
Publisher
Marwah Infotech
Publication Date
Jul 09, 2017
Volume
3
Issue
4
Pages
1118–1126
Identifiers
DOI: 10.21276/ijlssr.2017.3.4.3
Source
MyScienceWork
License
Green

Abstract

Butea monosperma is a moderate sized deciduous tree, which is widely distributed throughout India, Burma and Ceylon, popularly known as 'dhak' or 'palash', commonly known as 'Flame of forest'. Bearing many qualities it is rightly selected as the State Flower of Uttar Pradesh as well as Jharkhand. The study was undertaken during January 2015-2017 in Jhansi, Uttar Pradesh, India. For this study 15 sites were selected in Jhansi area. Observations were done from 6:00 am to 10:00 am and 3:00 pm to 7 pm. Direct observations were made using Bushnell Falcon 10x50 mm Binocular. The study was supported with photographs taken by 7 D Canon SLR Camera. Observations indicated that the bird species were attracted towards the flowers of Palash. The birds were also used the trees of nesting and roosting. A total of 70 bird species belonging to 27 families were associated with Palash either for feeding, nesting or roosting. The maximum species (12) belonged to family Corvidae followed by Sturnidae (6), Columbidae (5), Musciapidae (5) and Sylviindae (5). It was concluded that the State flower of Uttar Pradesh is obligatory for the local bird community. Initiatives have been taken to create awareness amongst the local people with the help of press media. The conservation of the existing plant species and the plantation of more trees particularly in educational institutes are important. Butea monosperma is very dry resistant and helps in controlling soil erosion. Therefore planting and managing the tree will be beneficial for local farmers also.

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