Acute hemolytic anemia was experimentally induced in chickens with the oxidant chemical phenylhydrazine. From results of the graded doses trial, subcutaneously injected 6 mg/100 g body weight single dose was designated as standardised. The anemic response, characterized by marked reductions in hemoglobin, packed cell volume and total erythrocyte count, was perceptible on day 1 post-injection. Peak anemia was observed on day 3. Compensatory erythropoiesis was discernible on day 5. The hematological profile indicated near complete recovery on day 11 post-injection. This avian model is proposed for study of the basic mechanisms of hemolytic anemia in chickens.